A static website is a website which contains Web pages with fixed content. Each page is coded in HTML and displays the same contents to every visitor. Static sites are the most basic type of website and are the easiest to create.
Static websites do not require any Web programming or database design. A static site can be built by simply creating a few HTML pages and publishing them to a Web server.
Since static Web pages contain fixed code, the content of each page does not change unless it is manually updated by the owner. This works well for small websites, but it can make large sites with hundreds or thousands of pages difficult to maintain.
Static sites that contain a lot of pages are often designed using themes and templates. This makes it possible to update several pages at once, and also helps provide a consistent layout throughout the site.
Another way to understand static Web pages is to contrast them with dynamic Web pages. The latter have controls and forms that are deep coded, so that the page displays differently to different users or in different situations.